Friday, 29 July 2016

Nehru's 97+ Major Blunders

Study the past, if you would divine the future.

“...[then] it seemed to me that Jawaharlal should be the new President [of Congress in 1946—and hence the first Prime Minister] ...I acted according to my best judgement but the way things have shaped since then has made me to realise that this was perhaps the greatest blunder of my political life... My second mistake was that when I decided not to stand myself, I did not support Sardar Patel.”
—Abul Kalam Azad, ‘India Wins Freedom’

“He [Nehru] had no idea of economics. He talked of Socialism, but he did not know how to define it. He talked of social justice, but I told him he could have this only when there was an increase in production. He did not grasp that. So you need a leader who understands economic issues and will invigorate your economy.”
—Chester Bowles

"Malcolm Muggeridge, after seeing Nehru shortly before his death, characterized him as 'a man of echoes and mimicry, the last viceroy rather than the first leader of a liberated India',  and regretted that Nehru was much too British in his approach to have been able to bring about significant or radical changes in India."
— Sankar Ghose in ‘Jawaharlal Nehru, a Biography’

“It is completely impracticable for the Chinese Government to think of anything in the nature of invasion of India. Therefore I rule it out...”
—Jawaharlal Nehru

“We were getting out of touch with reality in the modern world and we were living in an artificial atmosphere of our creation...”
—Jawaharlal Nehru

But for a series of major blunders by Nehru across the spectrum—it would not be an exaggeration to say that he blundered comprehensively—India would have been on a rapidly ascending path to becoming a shining, prosperous, first-world country by the end of his term, and would surely have become so by early 1980s—provided, of course, Nehru’s dynasty had not followed him to power. Sadly, Nehru era laid the foundations of India’s poverty and misery, condemning it to be forever a developing, third-rate, third-world country. By chronicling those blunders, THIS BOOK HIGHLIGHTS THE FACTS BEHIND THE FACADE.

Blunders is used in this book as a general term to also include failures, neglect, wrong policies, bad decisions, despicable or disgraceful acts, usurping undeserved posts, etc.

It is not the intention of this book to be critical of Nehru, but historical facts, that have often been distorted or glossed over or suppressed must be known widely, lest the mistakes be repeated, and so that India has a brighter future.

THIS REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION retitled "Nehru's 97+ Major Blunders" comprises (a)122 Major Blunders compared to 97 of the first Digital Edition of July 2016, although the (slightly modified) original title (97+ instead of 97) is retained; (b)over twice the matter, and number of words; (c)and exhaustive citations and complete bibliography. 

My Other Book
(NOT a substitute for the book above.)
"Foundations of Misery :
The Nehruvian Era
Pages: 472; Words: 1,43,000

Click here for Hardback/Paperback Edition at Atlantic.
“This great doctrine [Panchsheel signed by Nehru] was born in sin, because it was enunciated to put the seal of our approval upon the destruction of an ancient nation [Tibet] which was associated with us spiritually and culturally... It was a nation which wanted to live its own life and it sought to have been allowed to live its own life...”
—Acharya Kriplani

“I hope I am not leaving you as cannon fodder for the Chinese. God bless you all.”
—India’s army chief KS Thimayya
in his farewell speech in 1961

“Things went so wrong [in India-China War] that had they not happened it would have been difficult to believe them.”
—S Gopal, Nehru's official biographer

“Poor countries are poor because those who have power make choices that create poverty.” Such countries develop “extractive” institutions that “keep poor countries poor”.
—Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson in
‘Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty’
(Nehru laid foundations of EXTRACTIVE INSTITUTIONS that have been the root of India remaining a poor, third-rate third-world nation.)

“A young man who isn't a socialist hasn't got a heart; an old man who is a socialist hasn't got a head.”
—David Lloyd George

The term "Hindu rate of growth" is highly inappropriate and unfair, besides being derogatory. The low rate of growth was thanks to Nehruvian policies. Therefore the appropriate term should have been the "Nehruvian rate of growth" or the “Socialistic rate of growth”.

Foundations of Misery goes into the details of the background, history and particulars of the Integration of the Indian StatesKashmir: BCE to 1950sTibet: Erasing a NationHimalayan Misadventure (India-China War); The Sinhala & the Tamils (On Sri-Lankan Tamil Problem); India’s Self-Inflicted PovertySocialism, Babudom & CorruptionBeing Foreign to Foreign Policy (Disastrous Policies on External Affairs); Ill-informed Internal PoliciesMental & Cultural SlaveryDistortion of History & Cultural HeritageDynacracy (Dynastic Democracy), and so on.

The book attempts to unravel the mystery and the truth in-depth on why India remains a poor, pathetic, third-rate, third-world country. How's it that India got so left behind? What was it that India did, or did not do, after independence, that everything is so abysmal and pathetic. Why an overwhelming majority of millions of Indians continue to be condemned to a life of unmitigated misery. 

What are the foundations of this misery?

And why all this unmitigated misery despite the overwhelming advantage of India as a nation with first-rate people,  plentiful natural resources, grand civilisational heritage, rich culture and languages, unmatched ethical and spiritual traditions, and relatively much better position in all fields—infrastructure, trained manpower, bureaucracy, army—at the time of independence compared to many east-Asian nations who have since overtaken us. 

Why did India fail to leverage such rich assets of a gifted country?

Incidents, information and revelations that would shock common readers and would make them exclaim: 'Oh God, was this so? I didn't know!' Not that the facts or revelations are new, only they are not commonly known.

There are significant differences between my this book and my other book 'Nehru's 97 Major Blunders'. Each serves a different purpose, and one is NOT a substitute, or a summary, for the other. 'Nehru's 97 Major Blunders' has a much wider coverage on blunders, but does not go into the details and history like this book does.

For other books by the Author, and for their details, and “from where to procure”, please check:

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Rajnikant Puranik
July 29, 2016
Updated: June 2018